This week on the podcast Johnny and Brian are defending 1988’s Willow, one of their favorites. They will also try to answer the question… Does Fantasy Count as Sci-Fi?
Willow is a 1988 American high fantasy film directed by Ron Howard, produced and with a story by George Lucas, and starring Warwick Davis, Val Kilmer, Joanne Whalley, Jean Marsh, and Billy Barty. Davis plays the eponymous lead character and hero: a reluctant farmer who plays a critical role in protecting a special baby from a tyrannical queen who vows to destroy her and take over the world in a high fantasy setting.
Cast & Crew
Daniel P. Hanley
May 20, 1988
George Lucas conceived the idea for the film (originally titled Munchkins) in 1972. Similar in intent to Star Wars, he created “a number of well-known mythological situations for a young audience”. During the production of Return of the Jedi in 1982, Lucas approached Warwick Davis, who was portraying Wicket the Ewok, about playing Willow Ufgood.
Lucas based the character of General Kael (Pat Roach) on the film critic Pauline Kael, a fact that was not lost on Kael in her printed review of the film. She referred to General Kael as an “homage a moi”. Similarly, the two-headed dragon was called an “Eborsisk” after film critics Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert.
Lucasfilm’s Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) created the visual effects sequences. The script called for Willow to restore Fin Raziel (Patricia Hayes) from a goat to her human form. ILM supervisor Dennis Muren considered using stop motion animation for the scene. Muren found both stop motion and optical effects to be too technically challenging and decided that the transformation scene would be a perfect opportunity for ILM to create advances with digital morphing technology. He proposed filming each animal, and the actress doubling for Hayes, and then feeding the images into a computer program developed by Doug Smythe. The program would then create a smooth transition from one stage to another before outputting the result back onto film.
It was released on May 20, 1988, in 1,209 theaters, earning $8,300,169 in its opening weekend, placing number one at the weekend box office. Lucas had hoped it would earn as much money as E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, but the film faced early competition with Crocodile Dundee II, Big and Rambo III. Making over $57 million at the North American box office, it was not the blockbuster hit insiders had anticipated. It was not, however, a financial flop either, as it made a profit because of strong international, home video, and television sales.
At the Academy Awards, the film was nominated for Sound Effects Editing and Visual Effects but lost both to Who Framed Roger Rabbit, which was similarly done by Industrial Light & Magic. It won Best Costume Design at the Saturn Awards, where it was also nominated for Warwick Davis for Best Performance by a Younger Actor (lost to Fred Savage for Vice Versa) and Jean Marsh for Best Supporting Actress (lost to Sylvia Sidney for Beetlejuice).
In 1988, Tor Books released The Willow Game, a two- to six-player adventure board game based on the film designed by Greg Costikyan.
Three video games based on the film were released. Mindscape published an action game in 1988 for Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, and DOS.Japanese game developer Capcom published two different games in 1989 based on the film. The first Willow is a platform game for the arcades and the second Willow game is a role-playing game for the Nintendo Entertainment System.
Wayland Drew adapted Lucas’s story into a film novel, providing additional background information to several major characters and various additional scenes, including an encounter with a lake monster near Razel’s island which was filmed, but ultimately not used in the movie. A segment of that scene’s filmed material can be found in the DVD’s “Making of Willow” documentary.
Lucas outlined the Chronicles of the Shadow War trilogy to follow the film and hired comic book writer/novelist Chris Claremont to adapt them into a series of books. They take place about fifteen years after the original film and feature the teenage Elora Danan as a central character.
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